作成者別アーカイブ: wp7e

2017 125E The Parliamentary System of Japan is about to Die

2017 125E The Parliamentary System of Japan is about to Die

WP7 No.125E

June 10, 2017
The Committee of Seven to Appeal for World Peace
Kinhide Mushakoji, Hideo Tsuchiyama, Yoshino Oishi,
Michiji Konuma, Satoru Ikeuchi, Shin-ichiro Ikebe and Kaoru Takamura

There has been no other case that the Parliamentary System and the Japanese Citizens, to which this system is supposed to be responsible, has been neglected by the Government in Japan.
The bill against conspiracy, which is going to modify the fundamental principles ruling the Post WW2 Japan, has been unable to become the object of serious deliberations in the Diet due to the incredible fact that the Minister of Justice who does not understand the content of this legislation cannot give a consistent description of its contents. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe himself does not want to engage sincere discussions and only evades giving meaningful responses to the questions addressed to him. The questions by the opposition parties have not led to any serious dialogue due to irrelevant statements, irresponsible and obstinate remarks and digression by the Prime Minister and his Government colleagues. The time spent on these meaningless remarks is included in the limited time of deliberation. The forcefully imposed voting will reflect only the overwhelming number of the Majority. This has become common practice since the Parliamentary debate of the Law for the Protection of Special Secrecy and the Legislations Regarding National Security.
The Prime Minister, the Majority Parliamentarians, and the bureaucrats seem to pay no attention that each one of their statements is recorded and will become part of history. The Government and the bureaucrats destroy many official documents which are awkward to them. Even in documents they make public, questionable words are covered in black ink and made unreadable. Now to say that black is white and to tell that existing documents do not exist has become common practice. Any media who wants to tell the truth are silenced by Government blackmail.

Where is there such a Democratic State? It is quite natural that not only domestic public opinions but also United Nations Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Speech and the International Pen Club declare their deep concerns about the Japanese Parliamentary Procedures. It is unfortunate that their comments are only meeting the hysterical reactions by the Japanese Government.
The Japanese Government insists that the legislation against conspiracy is indispensable to ratify the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. This claim is not the correct statement and the Convention is not for the countermeasures against terrorism. The Government misleads the people by the misinterpretation at the Parliament.

This unfortunate situation of the Government and Majority Parliamentarians has reached a level intolerable to the citizens of Japan. The political system of this Country has now become entirely the private property of Prime Minister Abe. We regret to admit that Japan is in this way a Fascist State. It is nothing but a terrible nightmare for the citizens of Japan that this Government wants to abrogate the present Constitution.
The fact that the explanation by the Japanese Government is completely fabricated shows the hidden intention of the Government on the present bill against conspiracy. The Abe administration puts their plan into action to kill the Parliament, to kill Freedom and Diversity, to kill media and to kill Democracy.

PDF Appeal→125e.pdf

2017 124E We oppose the legislation under the pretext of preventing the preparation for terrorism

WP7 No.124E

April 24, 2017
The Committee of Seven to Appeal for World Peace
Kinhide Mushakoji, Hideo Tsuchiyama, Yoshino Oishi,
Michiji Konuma, Satoru Ikeuchi, Shin-ichiro Ikebe and Kaoru Takamura

In 2017, we, the citizens of Japan, celebrate the 70th Anniversary of the Constitution of Japan. This Constitution, in its Clause 19, guarantees the Rights to the freedom of thought and conscience of all citizens. We express our serious concern about the fact that a bill on the criminalization of conspiracy preparing crimes, a legislation violating this freedom, is presently under discussion in the Diet. This legislation endangers the basic principle of the legal system of Japan which limits criminalization to only already committed criminal acts. This attempt to change decisively the very base of the legal system of Japan has been repeatedly attempted by the Government since 2003, and has been rejected already three times by the Diet, after many revisions of the proposed text and continued deliberation crossing Diet sessions. The same legislation criminalizing conspiracy preparing criminal acts is again submitted to the Diet for the fourth time as a law criminalizing the preparation of terrorism and other criminal acts.

The Government explained the reason for this new legislation to criminalize “Conspiracy Preparing Criminal acts” as that it is a precondition to the ratification of the “United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime” and this new legislation is indispensable in order to implement the legal measures to criminalize any activities implying the participation to a criminal act by two or more persons belonging to organized criminal organizations set out in the Clause 5 of this Convention.

The Abe Administration claims that unless the criminalization of conspiracy preparing Terrorism and other criminal acts is adopted by the Diet, Japan cannot ratify the above-mentioned United Nations Convention and hence cannot hold in 2020 the international Olympic and Paralympic Games. This statement is either based on misinterpretation of the international realities, or is a intentional distortion of the realities.

First, the “United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime” states in its Clause 34 that Each State Party shall take the necessary measures, including legislative and administrative measures, in accordance with fundamental principles of its domestic law, to ensure the implementation of its obligations under this Convention.
The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination was ratified in Japan without any new legislations to implement. This is an example which contradicts the explanation of the Abe Administration.

Secondly, if the ratification of the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime does not require any new legislation by the signatory parties, it is wrong to maintain the statement that the legislation criminalizing “the Preparation of Terrorism and other criminal Acts” must be adopted in order to ratify this United Nations Convention.

Thirdly, the objective of this Transnational Convention is not terrorism, and the proposed legislation also does neither have terrorism as its original objective. The Government has not presented to the Diet any justification to maintain that there exists an urgent need to create a law criminalizing the “Preparation of Terrorism and other criminal acts” in view of terrorist activities uncontrollable by the existing legal system.

Fourthly, the legal text which caused a public opposition does refer to 277 criminalized objects out of which 60% have entirely no relations to terrorism. The term “terrorism” was hastily added to the title and the explanation about why this law is submitted to the Diet legislation lacks any reference to terrorism.

From the above remarks, it follows logically, that the statement of the Government that without the legislation of “Crime of Preparation of Terrorism and other Criminal the Olympic Games cannot be held in Japan is entirely false. This way to try to accelerate the adoption of this law by deceiving the citizens cannot but alert us about the true intents behind this law.

First, to use the term “Counter Terrorism” to cover a variety of referents which cannot be limited to terrorism and make them the objects of an “important crime subject to more than four years’ penal servitude or incarceration” is logically manifesting an intent to use this crime to cover a variety of activities as undefined objects of this law.

Secondly, as it is assumed that even citizens living peacefully may become the object of investigation when they suddenly become members of criminal organizations, ordinary organizations of citizens may become the object of constant surveillance to determine whether sudden transformation does or does not take place.

Thirdly, any conspiracy is accompanied by preparatory acts. However, there is no concrete definition of what constitutes a preparatory act. Government replies to questions in the Diet declare that such acts do not have to be directly connected with the existence of a danger of criminal act. This cannot but mean that the definition of preparatory activities depends entirely on the judgement of the investigating authority. This, logically, makes the concept of “preparatory act” an entirely groundless legal argument.

Fourthly, the Government answers to questions in the Diet indicate that the investigating authorities are free to conduct their discretional investigations even before any activities preparing a crime has occurred, if the authorities judge that there exists a likelihood that a crime will be committed.

The logical consequences of the above trends are that all citizens will become the targets of a constant ever-broadening legal surveillance of their everyday life, and the object of legalized surveillance lacking any objective justification. So far as punishable criminality covers not only actual acts but also conspiracy and joint planning, we will be forced to accept any demand by the authorities to be submitted to questioning, in their discretionary investigating authorities so decide.

Since terrorists and criminal organizations cannot be distinguished by their appearance from peaceful citizens like all of us, all citizens become objects of surveillance to find conspiring criminals. Consequently, it is impossible to stop the expanding range of investigations using wiretapping and GPS.

The true reason the Government wants to have the Diet accept this legislation is clearly not to cope with terrorism but rather to develop a broad network of surveillance enabling the Government authorities to cover all aspects of the citizens’ livelihood. We strongly oppose this legislation which violates all the rights of the citizens of Japan about the freedom of thought and conscience, guaranteed by the Constitution, under the pretext of preventing the preparation for terrorism and other criminal acts.

PDF Appeal→124e.pdf

2015 116E Let us strengthen solidarity with the overwhelming majority of the people of Okinawa opposing the Plan to construct a new US Military Base in the Henoko Bay.

WP7 No.116E
April 22, 2015
The Committee of Seven to Appeal for World Peace
Shin-ichiro IKEBE, Satoru IKEUCHI, Michiji KONUMA, Kinhide MUSHAKOJI,
Yoshino OISHI, Kaoru TAKAMURA, Hideo TSUCHIYAMA,

The overwhelming majority of the people of Okinawa have manifested, time and again, its opposition to the Plan of the Governments of the United States and of Japan to build a new Military Base of the U.S. Marine Corps by reclaiming the Bay of Henoko of Nago-City in Okinawa. Now the situation faces a serious confrontation.

This building of Henoko Military Base was the major issue of the Election of the Mayor of Nago City of January 2014, of the Election of the Governor of the Okinawa Prefecture of November 2014, and of the Election of the House of Representatives of the National Diet of December 2014. In all these elections, disputes fought around the Henoko issue was won by the candidates of “All Okinawa” alliance opposing the building of the Henoko Base by an overwhelming majority.

On the April 17, 2015, the Prime Minister Shinzo Abe met with the Governor of Okinawa, Takeshi Onaga. This meeting took place after a long stubborn refusal of Premier Abe to meet with the newly elected Governor Onaga over four months. At the start of the meeting Premier Abe said that the meeting was an occasion for a frank dialogue with the Governor. Yet he did not give any explanation about the concrete reason for maintaining that the Henoko Military Base was the only alternative in moving the Futenma Military Base which had been agreed to close down between the Japanese and the US Governments due to potential danger of serious accident in the midst of high population . He just stated repeatedly that “Henoko was the only solution” in response to Governor Onaga, who made a detailed exposition about the reason why he and the majority in the prefecture citizens could not accept this Plan.

The Government of Japan merely wants to apply the Plan to move the Futenma Military Base to Henoko proposed by bureaucrats of Japan and the United States in 1997, totally ignoring the present situation in which the people of Okinawa are experiencing a severe state of insecurity, without listening to the voices of the people of Okinawa opposed to this Plan.

The Abe Government legalized the unconstitutional concept of Collective Security, by a compromise lacking precision between the Liberal Democratic Party and the Komeito composing the Coalition Government, totally ignoring critical opinions of the opposition Parties in the Diet. The Government repeated undemocratic actions in order to create an international fait accompli in support of the so-called Proactive Peace Policy of Premier Abe. These actions of the Government regarding the U.S. Military Bases in Okinawa will make it impossible friendly relations between Japan and its neighbors including the United States itself.

The present situation in Henoko is not only a concern of the citizens of the Okinawa Prefecture. Petitions to the Central Government from Local Assemblies other than Okinawa such as the Village Assembly of the Hakuba Mura of Nagano Prefecture and the City Assembly of the Iwakura City of Aichi Prefecture criticized the Central Government ignoring the opposition to its plan on Henoko, demanding its respect to local autonomy, adopted in unanimity in the first case and by majorities in the second. The Local Government is not a branch office of the Central Government and the local autonomy should be respected by the Central Government according to the Law of Local Autonomy of Japan. It is the basic negation of democracy, we believe, that the Government neglects totally the determination of the Governor based on the will of the people.

The Committee of Seven to Appeal for World Peace made public two Appeals, in October 25, 2011, and in January 7, 2014, expressing its opposition to the creation of a U.S. Military Base in Henoko, and demanding respect of the historical past and future prospect of Okinawa by the Central Government.

The Local Defense Bureau in Okinawa has dropped 20 to 45 tons of concrete blocks into the Henoko Bay in connection with the construction of the runway on the sea authorized in August 2014 by the Okinawa Prefecture Government. On March 25, 2015 Governor Onaga ordered the stop of this construction work within 7 days for investigation of suspected violation of the condition of the approval, because of the dropping of concrete blocks outside of the permitted area and of demolishing the coral. On March 30, 2015, Yoshimasa Hayashi, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, sent to the Okinawa Prefecture and the Local Defense Bureau an order of suspension of the instruction of Governor Onaga. This order was heavy-handed and indifferent that the dropping area was over the borderline of the previous permission and that the natural environment was demolished.

At present, the citizens of Okinawa Prefecture develop a non-violent campaign against the uncompromising maritime construction of the new Military Base in Henoko. They maintain a sit-in in front of the Camp Schwab, and organize a fleet of kayaks in opposition to the boring activities in the Henoko Bay.

We, the Committee of Seven to Appeal for World Peace, express its deep admiration for the non-violence of these activities. On the other side, the U.S. Military Forces, The Committee protests to the US Military Force, Japanese Police and Coast Guard who use violent measures against the resistant citizens, which cause casualties and arrests among them, since this is a clear violation of freedom of assembly and expression provided in the Article 21 of the Constitution of Japan.

The closing of Futenma Military Base is also urgent measure already discussed about 19 years ago in 1995 between Japan and the United States. The agreement between the then Premier Ryutaro Hashimoto and U.S. Ambassador Walter F. Mondale declared the return of the whole Futenma Base within 5 to 7 years. The present Government of Japan recognizes the insecurity caused by this base located in heavily populated area which was the cause of the agreement. The possibility of accidents should be seriously considered, without depending on the unfounded optimism assuming that such incidents would not occur. This is why the Futenma Base must be immediately closed. The reduction and closing of Military Bases is in itself useful for the reduction of international conflicts as history tells us.

In history Ryukyu (present Okinawa) was an independent Kingdom between the 15th and 19th centuries. It signed Treaty of Amity with the United States (July 11, 1854), with France (November 24, 1855), with the Netherland (July 6, 1859). It was invaded by the Satsuma Clan of south Kyushu in 1609, and was annexed to Japan by the so-called “Ryukyu Disposition” of the Meiji Government using military pressure.

We should not ignore the abnormal discrimination of the concentration of 74% of the U.S. Military Bases in Okinawa which covers only 0.6% of the Land of Japan. We must stop the destruction of the ecology of the beautiful Bay of Henoko which is the habitat of dugongs, sea turtles and coral.

We, the Committee of Seven to Appeal for World Peace, strongly protest the heavy-handed measures of the Central Government of Japan ignoring the right to live in peace of the citizens of Okinawa and call all the citizens of the Mainland of Japan to strengthen their solidarity with the citizens of Okinawa Prefecture in their opposition to the creation of U.S. Military Base in Henoko.

PDF Appeal→116e.pdf

2012 106E We call upon citizens and governments of Israel and Iran

WP7 No.106E
April 10, 2012
The Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal
Kinhide Mushakoji, Hideo Tsuchiyama, Yoshino Oishi,
Kayoko Ikeda, Michiji Konuma, Satoru Ikeuchi, Takashi Tsujii

 

Since 1955, the Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal has issued appeals from Japan repeatedly to promote peace on the international and domestic levels.

A military attack by Israel against the nuclear facilities of Iran is discussed openly as a possibility. In addition, a confrontation between the US and the Iranian navies and air forces in the Strait of Hormuz is an additional reason for concern, as it may cause unforeseeable consequences.

When we recall Israeli air raids, conducted disregarding international law, against an Iraqi nuclear reactor in 1981 and against a Syrian one in 2007, we cannot but be worried by the possibility of an attack by the Israeli air force over Iranian nuclear facilities. Such attempt, we believe, may well escalate into a large scale war

We share with the international community a serious concern about the insufficient transparency on nuclear research, development and utilization both in Israel and in Iran. We urge the two countries to renounce immediately any activity of military R & D of nuclear power and production and stockpiling of nuclear weapons they already have or plan to do so in the future, and to release without restriction to the international community all information on their nuclear facilities and operations. It will be a great step toward the realization of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East which has been proposed eagerly by our Committee among others.

The present imposition of economic sanction by the international community not against Israel but only against Iran violates the principle of fair and equitable treatment of all states and leads no stable settlement. We cannot admit it for this very reason.

Further, the lack of diplomatic relations between Israel and many neighboring states is a serious obstacle to the stability of the Middle East. This abnormal situation should be dissolved immediately by sincere efforts of both sides. We urge the concerned parties not to continue their confrontation of the past but to proceed, step by step, towards a desirable future in the Middle East through a peaceful cooperation of all parties involved. The improvement of relations between Israel and Palestine should be included among such efforts. We can affirm that this proposition is not a utopia but a realistic move in line with the historical progress of humankind. We find examples of such processes of reconciliation in the cases of the end of the cold war between the East and the West, the birth of the European Union and many other similar examples.

This appeal is based on the spirit of the Constitution of Japan, i. e., “all peoples of the world have the right to live in peace, free from fear and want” and “no nation is responsible to itself alone and the laws of political morality is universal”. We believe that the Charter of the United Nations also bases itself on the above principles.
PDF Appeal→106e.pdf

2011 104E A Farewell to Nuclear Power Plants: An appeal of seven Japanese scientists and intellectuals

WP7 No.104E
July 11, 2011
The Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal
Kinhide Mushakoji, Hideo Tsuchiyama, Yoshino Oishi,
Kayoko Ikeda, Michiji Konuma, Satoru Ikeuchi, Takashi Tsujii
The Committee of Seven expresses its gratitude to the great contribution provided by the citizens and the governments of the world after the Great Earthquake of East Japan accompanied by the Tsunami and the Accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, Tokyo Electric Power Company. This includes the technical support invaluable in coping with the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident. Many dedicated individuals continue to work, day and night, under extremely dangerous condition on the site of the Nuclear Reactors., and deserve special recognition.

The Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal believes that the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (Henceforth abbreviated as the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant) Explosion is an act of men triggered-off by the act of God of the Tsunami, and deserves to be carefully assessed. We appeal to all citizens, researchers, as well as media, business and government leaders to develop an intense dialogue to find ways to cope with the problems which surfaced from this tragedy.

1. The Accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, Tokyo Electric Power Company

At the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, human errors combined with natural calamity caused a cutoff of electric power complicated the already hopeless situation. And among the active six nuclear reactors, three melted down, and with the one of the three already interrupted for regular maintenance, hydrogen explosions occurred in four reactors, and their explosion was followed by a diffusion of radioactive material in the air, on the ground and in the sea. This unconceivable situation made the shutdown of the nuclear reactors unavoidable. All the 20 Nuclear Reactors on the Pacific coast as well as the Uranium Reprocessing Plant in Rokkasho-Mura are not functioning since the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident.

Even now, after four months have elapsed since the catastrophe, the nuclear fuel continues to be over-heated and cannot be controlled and stabilized. Although a possibility of rapid transformation of the present situation decreases, the danger of a new hydrogen explosion might occur. On the other hand, the highly polluted water used as coolant is still unmanageable. This included, the diffusion of radioactive material into the ground and beyond the borders of the Plant could not been put under control. This is why, even now, it is impossible to declare that the nuclear accident is over.

The Tokyo Electric Power Company (henceforth abbreviated as TEPCO) and the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (and formerly Ministry of International Trade and Industry) have proceeded to use Nuclear Power Stations in an easygoing way. As a result they could not deal with the accident properly and the damage expanded unnecessarily.

The local inhabitants of the regions affected by the East Japan Earthquake, who were forced to leave their houses, lands and belonging, experience intensive insecurity having been suddenly separated from their families, and having lost their links with the neighborhood community, many lost the pet animals and plants they loved, and have no more jobs guaranteeing their stable livelihood. The victims include those who experienced radioactive exposure and have this additional cause of insecurity especially intolerable. We must realize that all the victims of the Great Earthquake experience an incredible amount of stress and anxiety.

2. The right to live in peace free from fear and wants.

The citizens of Japan, reflecting the aggression to the peoples of neighboring countries until the World War II, declared in the Preamble of its Constitution that all peoples of the world have the Right to live in peace, free from fear and wants.

The Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeals established in 1955 continues since then to issue appeals for world peace and prosperity from a politically impartial position. It has opposed nuclear weapons and war unconditionally, and has proposed the building of a new world order through an international system of cooperation under a strengthened United Nations.

The Committee issued already in 2009 an Appeal entitled “Towards a World which Recognizes the Importance of Life” and emphasized on the “importance for humankind to realize fully its destructive capacity towards the geosphere and the biosphere” and “the importance that the development of knowledge, the use of power and the market activities be the object of regulation”.

However the crisis management policy adopted by the present government supporting the business community does not take into serious consideration the local inhabitants of the regions affected by the East Japan Earthquake, Tsunami and the Fukushima Nuclear Power accident and especially the right to live in peace of the vulnerable sectors of the civil society.

The people of Japan regret the fact that this right is now violated for the victims of the Great Earthquake of East Japan. Now, the forcefully displaced citizens as well as those who continue to live, under high insecurity, in the neighboring areas of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant are living all in situations far from a peaceful life. Not less unpeaceful is the life of citizens in more distant regions from the plant, who live under the fear of possible radioactive exposure. They including the children who are forbidden to play outdoors, the women pregnant or rearing babies, the peasants and fisher people whose product cannot be sold because of possible radioactive pollution, all these people are certainly deprived from the right to live in peace and from other basic human rights. We firmly believe that nobody should be allowed to use the term “as much as possible” used in such an easy-going manner by the government and business leaders. We must give absolute precedence over any other principles our duty to act in solidarity with the victims of the nuclear catastrophe of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, and respect their rights to live in peace in any decision taken by the government and by the corporate community.

The Committee of Seven calls upon the government and the corporate sector of Japan to take into serious consideration the high insecurity of the Geosphere of the Japanese Archipelago, and apply the “Precaution” principle in their decisions which may trigger-off serious consequences for the security of the neighboring regions of the nuclear plants in cases of natural calamities. They should take utmost precaution about possible emergence of situations of acute insecurity which would be too late to prevent once the natural calamity has occurred.

3. Concrete Recommendations for the Shutdown of Nuclear Power Plants which destroy peace of mind and security

The generation of electricity using nuclear energy consists in producing a very large amount of radioactive material from the nuclear fission in the nuclear reactor, and uses the created heat for the production of electricity. Even after closing a reactor, the heat requires several years to be cooled down, and the radioactive materials need to be left under human control for more than ten thousand years. When such control fails to work, for whatever reason, the pollution of the environment, including human bodies, cannot be avoided.

In reality, the fact that during the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Disaster of 1986 and the present Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident caused a massive diffusion of radioactive materials in the environment occurred and many peoples became victims. We have to realize that severe accidents will occur by acts of God and by acts of men. Considering further that

(1) no reliable and safe method of disposal and management has been developed on radioactive materials in the spent nuclear fuel,

(2) the nuclear fuel is not a sustainable resource on earth,

(3) the cost to settle accidents is gigantic,

we have to conclude that the nuclear power station is not a stable and safe energy source in future.

This is why many governments reach the decision to move away from the use of nuclear energy to generate electricity. This implies that the countries taking this decision will not be limited to Switzerland, Germany and Italy. Similar decision will have to be adopted by all nations of the world renouncing to use nuclear energy for electricity generation.

In Japan, the use of nuclear energy to generate electricity began with the building of the first nuclear power station in Tokai-Mura in 1966. Since then this trend grew rapidly and in 1997, after 31 years, the number of nuclear reactors in Japan was 53. After the shutdown of the first nuclear reactor the following year, the total number of reactors varied because some new reactors were built while other older ones were closed. When the Fukushima Nuclear Plant explosion occurred, a total number of 54 reactors existed in Japan. The increase of nuclear reactors had already stopped in 1997. Japan presently occupies the third place after the United States and France in terms of the number of nuclear power stations. There exist in contemporary Japan 11 nuclear reactors under construction, but even if all of the plan will be realized, with the inevitable successive shutdown of existing ones the size of nuclear generation of electricity is bound to decrease. Until now, there was a general policy of the government to continue using the nuclear power station beyond their service life of approximately 30 to 40 years. This policy is based on a check of existing nuclear power stations using the present official guidelines about safety assessment. However, the government recognized the deficiencies of these guidelines after the Fukushima Nuclear Plant Accidents. The guidelines are presently under review, and this is another proof that the present system is highly insecure.

Taking into account the above state of affairs, we propose the five recommendations which follow:

(1) It is necessary to close all the old nuclear reactors which have reached their service life, as the probability of trouble increases.

(2) The construction of all the nuclear reactors for electricity generation presently under construction or in their planning stage must be stopped or abandoned immediately, as the guidelines used in the evaluation of the safety review and assessment conducted by the regulatory authority are admitted by the Government as inadequate..

(3) Under Japan four plates (Pacific Ocean, North America, Eurasia, Philippines) collide with each other and an innumerable number of active faults run across the archipelago. In this situation it is foreseeable that major earthquakes and tsunamis are bound to take place. Thus all the nuclear power plants built close to the active faults and on areas accessible by tsunamis must be immediately closed.

(4) One of the reasons why the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident cannot be brought to conclusion is that six large-scale nuclear reactors were built close to each-other in an over-crowded site. Most nuclear plants in Japan have plural nuclear reactors. The order of their closing must be decided so that the size of the nuclear plant is immediately reduced.

(5) If there remain some nuclear power plants not yet closed according to the above criteria and all of the following conditions will be cleared, certain reactors may be left active for a strictly delimited time. This will be acceptable only if the possible occurrence of major accidents are clearly formulated and the informed consent of all citizens and all concerned parties are obtained, the nuclear reactor may be left active if appropriate safety measures are adequately taken, and if the approval by domestic and international third parties based on their autonomous evaluation is given, and if the agreement is ascertained about all citizens in the possibly affected area
If the above conditions are met, Japan will become a nation without nuclear power reactors at the latest, when the service life of all functioning nuclear reactors is reached.

4. The Abolition of Nuclear Power Plants is Practicable:

There are people, since immediately after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident, who says that nuclear plants are indispensable for Japanese economy. They repeat the phrase “upon securing their safety”, a phrase which is a groundless and not-concrete affirmation used for the past 50 years. The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (and its predecessor, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry) and its external supportive agency, the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, promoted the use of nuclear generation of electricity since the 1950s. Following the Fukushima Accident, they merely declared that the necessary measures have been taken following the Fukushima tragedy, instead of ascertaining the public safety, already when the overall damages caused by the accident were not yet fully known and the area radioactively polluted was still expanding. They also put pressure on the local citizens, in different sites of nuclear plants, to support the reopening of the nuclear reactors stopped for their periodical tests, affirming that the safety of nuclear reactors was proved to be safe after the Fukushima Accident.

We recall the fact that already when the plan of introducing in Japan nuclear power station began to be discussed, the Science Council of Japan (JSC) pointed out, from a purely scientific point of view, the questions regarding public safety against earthquakes, as well as regarding the disposal of nuclear waste, and the soundness of cost. It is now too late to point out the fact that the present casualties caused by the nuclear accident could have been avoided if the government had not totally ignored the remarks made by the scientists in the JSC.

In a world-wide context, the research, development and utilization of renewable natural energy is progressing and expanding well. During the last two years, the investment of China in this field has been highest in the world, and the investment in the field of renewable energy of the United States and France, two top countries of nuclear power plants, is among the top ten. On the contrary Japan invests so far only a very small part of its R and D expenditure in this field, and the gap with other industrialized countries keeps widening.

The energy policy of Japan has been so far dominated by promoters of nuclear energy. The production of electricity and its distribution and consumption was in the hands of electric companies with regional monopoly. All costs of electricity production have been automatically added to the electricity fee paid by the consumers. It is this system which permits practically all R and D expenditures in the field of energy to be monopolized by nuclear energy production, and importation of renewable energy was hampered by a variety of obstacles. This is why the gaps in renewable energy development between Japan and the other industrialized countries is mainly the consequence of these institutional restrictions.

In order that the inhabitants of the Fukushima Prefecture, victims of the recent accident, can be saved from the danger of becoming the victims of another nuclear disaster, the Fukushima Prefecture has started to take initiative to become one forefront Prefecture in renewable energy development. The Committee of Seven welcomes and wishes to extend to this Prefecture all possible support.

This is, nevertheless, not a problem limited to the Fukushima Prefecture, it consists the whole world which is presently faced with the urgent need to decide between two options. Should humankind continue the 20th century approach to control nature and develop a material civilization based on mass production, mass consumption and mass disposal as it did until now, or should it rather decide to adopt a different approach towards nature, treating it with due reverence, combining an awe to its devastating power with a gratitude towards all its gifts, benefitting from them through an ecologically symbiotic civilization.

The Committee of Seven proposes to the concerned citizens of the world the following concrete steps to develop urgently an energy policy oriented towards the second option:

(1) To adopt a clear priority in research, development and utilization of energy resources on renewable natural energy, and to eliminate all institutional obstacles hampering the reorientation of technology and economics from its present emphasis on scale, concentration and standardization to a new orientation stressing scaling-down, de-concentration, and diversification.

(2) The awareness of the necessity to reduce energy consumption is rapidly spreading among the citizens and the corporate community in Japan. Further reduction of electricity consumption, the increased use of energy-saving devices increasing the efficiency of the use of energetic resources, an extensive effort to reduce the fluctuation of high and low times in energy consumption, the introduction of individual household electricity generation reducing the public consumption of electricity in peak hours, all these measures are now under intensive consideration in Japan, where the major problem is the lack of electricity focuses on short peak hours in the summer.

(3) The two above policies will make it possible the accelerated closure of the remaining nuclear plants, and should lead to shorten the time when all nuclear plants are closed down definitively.

In applying the above policies, it is essential to cease thinking that energy should be generated according to an unlimited demand of the national economy, and give absolute priority to the right of the citizens to live in peace free from fear and wants, and reduce the use of energetic resources in accordance with the citizen’s will to live simply within the range of energy resources usable without any danger on their security and prosperity.

Since the mid-1950s, the successive Liberal Democratic Government of Japan developed a national policy to develop the technological capacity of Japan to have access to nuclear armament while not becoming a nuclear weapon country during the time they keep power. In fact the nuclear power stations were developed, and a massive production of plutonium was realized with the acquisition of uranium enrichment. This policy combined with the nuclear umbrella strategy presupposing the usefulness of nuclear weaponry made Japan suspicious of intending an eventual access to the nuclear power club. If Japan decides unambiguously to cease using nuclear power generation of electricity this suspicion will be removed in the eyes of the world.

5. The Strengthening of IAEA Intervention in Nuclear Power Plant

IAEA which was founded in 1957 as a special organization of the United Nations contributed to develop the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to prevent the military utilization of its activities in the non-nuclear weapon countries. The Chernobyl Nuclear Plant Accident of 26 April 1986, the leakage of radioactive materials to environment was terminated after ten days of the accident, and IAEA organized an international expert meeting in Vienna, four months later in August 25 to 29.

At the break of the Accident of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, we hoped that an unconditional cooperation, beyond differences of viewpoints, could be developed, domestically and internationally, towards the earliest resolution of the Accident. This is why we have abstained from any critical remarks until today. However, it is to be regretted that even now four months after the Accident, it is not yet possible to make an accurate assessment of all the aspects of the Accident.

When we study the activities of the TEPCO and of the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency they lacked any long range perspective and kept taking short term measures which are simply disappointing. On top of this, their optimistic estimation of the situation caused them to take action only too late and led to the inacceptable aggravation of the disaster. The lack of their transparency made it difficult to assess the real situation and the citizens were thus excluded from the process of recovery. The Government of Japan and TEPCO should have trusted the citizens and tell them frankly about uncertainties and about potential dangers. They did not do so and they have lost the credibility from citizens and this led us to the present impossible situation.

The effect of accident of nuclear power plants expands over the national boarder and the limit of the territorial waters. We hope not to leave measures only to the concerned parties but to concentrate all wisdom together from all over the world. We expect in the future a more active role played by IAEA. This Organization should prepare in peaceful times in preparation of emergencies, international standards on public safety, taking into consideration both the scientific and technological and the social aspects of the safety of nuclear reactors.

IAEA should conduct inspections not only to prevent the military misuse of the nuclear issues, but also to guarantee their full knowledge of the large facilities developed for the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

This would permit their intervention in case of nuclear emergencies, which should not be limited to giving advice in case they are consulted, but a more active role in organizing expert teams and play a leading role in the process towards the complete resolution of the nuclear accidents.

We sincerely expect the IAEA and all member states to discuss this problem.

We wish also to draw the attention of the citizens and the experts concerned about the possible sources of insecurity which accompanies the present trend of export of nuclear plants from industrial countries including Japan to the developing countries. This export is inevitably accompanied by a potential great disaster. Some accidents of nuclear plants may occur following natural calamities, and this may cause unbearable situations of insecurity for the vulnerable citizens in the recipient countries. We firmly believe that such exportation should not be permitted.
We appeal to the international community to take positive actions to develop international cooperation in strengthening the research, development and utilization of renewable natural energy.

6.Concluding Remarks:

Japan experienced a man-made catastrophic situation, the explosion of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, following the acts of God, the Earthquake and Tsunami during the March 11 East Japan Earthquake. Japan, thus, became the victim of both the military use of nuclear power in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and of its peaceful utilization in Fukushima.

This is why, the Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeals, shares the sincere wish of many citizens of Japan, in calling upon all the peoples of good-will of the World at large to start a global movement towards the abolition of all military use of nuclear power as well as the closure of all nuclear power plants.
PDF Appeal→104e.pdf

2010 103E Mr. Ban Ki-moon Secretary General of the United Nation

WP7 No.103E
At Nagasaki, Japan on August 5, 2010
The Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal
Kinhide Mushakoji, Hideo Tsuchiyama, Yoshino Oishi,
Kayoko Ikeda, Michiji Konuma, Satoru Ikeuchi

 

Dear Mr. Secretary General,
We sincerely welcome your visit to Hiroshima and Nagasaki. We have appreciated your eager efforts to realize a world free from nuclear weapons, including your keynote address “The United Nations and security in a nuclear-weapon-free world” delivered at a symposium held in the United Nations Headquarters on October 24, 2008 and your leadership at various occasions in the United Nations.
The Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal was established by seven leading intellectuals in Japan on November 11, 1955 with the first statement “An Appeal to the 10th General Assembly of the United Nations” appealing to strengthen the role of the UN and to seek the abolition of war. It was in the following year of US hydrogen bomb experiments at Bikini Atolls which led serious consequences to Japanese fishermen and Marshall Islanders and in the same year when the Russell-Einstein Manifesto was issued, stating that ‘Remember your humanity and forget the rest’.
Since then the Committee has issued 102 international and domestic appeals by July 2010 based on peace, justice and humanity by personal capacity independent from outside.  We have pursued the abolition of nuclear weapons from the beginning, convincing that any conflicts in the world should be solved by peaceful means.  We believe that the possession of nuclear weapons and the adoption of the doctrine of nuclear umbrella should be and can be abandoned without exception for any nations. The latest appeal was “We urge all states to start negotiating for a convention on prohibition and destruction of nuclear weapons leading to its earliest conclusion” issued on April 8, 2010 where we referred explicitly your address of October 24, 2008. We are sure that these appeals are of the same spirit with yours. We attach a set of copies of these two appeals.

We strongly support your position and express our sincere hope that you will continue to push your efforts forward in materializing the complete abolition and destruction of nuclear weapons. We pledge to make further efforts to realize a nuclear-weapon-free and war-free world with you.

PDF Appeal→103e.pdf

2010 102E We urge all states to start negotiating for a convention on prohibition and destruction of nuclear weapons leading to its earliest conclusion

WP7 No.102EApril 8, 2010
Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal
Kinhide Mushakoji, Hideo Tsuchiyama, Yoshino Oishi, Hisashi Inoue,
Kayoko Ikeda, Michiji Konuma and Satoru Ikeuchi

 

At this crucial moment on the wake of the Review Conference on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT, to be held on May 3-28, 2010) and the Summit on Nuclear Security (to be held on April 12-13, 2010), we, the Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal, recall and support the key note address by Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, delivered at a symposium held in the United Nations Headquarters on October 24, 2008 on “The United Nations and security in a nuclear-weapon-free world”.

The Secretary-General made there a five-point proposal, many of which, including following points, still remain unsolved at the present time.

First, he urges all NPT parties, in particular the nuclear-weapon states, to fulfill their obligation under the treaty to undertake negotiations on effective measures leading to nuclear disarmament. …They should consider negotiating a nuclear weapons convention, as has long been proposed at the United Nations.

His second proposal includes that the Security Council’s permanent members, the nuclear-weapon states, should unambiguously assure non-nuclear-weapon states that they will not be the subject of the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons. Non-NPT states should freeze their own nuclear-weapon capabilities and make their own disarmament commitments.

His third initiative relates to the ‘rule of law’: the CTBT, a fissile material treaty, and nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties. He urges all NPT parties to conclude their safeguards agreements with the IAEA, and to voluntarily adopt the strengthened safeguards under the Additional Protocol.

His fourth proposal concerns accountability and greater transparency with expanded amount of information.

Fifth and finally, he points out the fact that a number of complementary measures are needed, including the elimination of other types of weapons of mass destruction (WMD; as well as the limits on the production and trade in conventional arms.

We agree with all these recommendations. In particular we call upon all states, especially nuclear-weapon states to start quickly the negotiation on the nuclear weapons convention. This is because of two reasons:

First, we are convinced that all the people of the world appreciate the fact that the General Assembly of the United Nations has called upon “all states immediately to fulfill that obligation by commencing multilateral negotiations leading to an early conclusion of a nuclear weapons convention prohibiting the development, production, testing, deployment, stockpiling, transfer, threat or use of nuclear weapons and providing for their elimination” in the Resolution “Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons” adopted annually from 1996 (December 10) to 2009 (December 2). The Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission chaired by Hans Blix also recommended that all states possessing nuclear weapons should commence planning for security without nuclear weapons and they should start preparing for the outlawing of nuclear weapons, as stated in their report “Weapons of Terror: Freeing the World of Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Arms” submitted to the United Nations in June 2006.

The other reason is that we believe it is indispensable to adopt unambiguous legal regulations on the illegality of nuclear weapons in addition to the present NPT regime. The US President Barack Obama has expressed repeatedly the necessity to strengthen the NPT. We agree on the importance of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. However the NPT regime is not enough to eliminate all nuclear weapons from the Earth. Because it is extremely difficult, as shows past history, to bring the non-NPT states, especially India, Pakistan and Israel, into the NPT regime. We are convinced that, overcoming the NPT, all member states of the UN should commence sincere negotiation based on the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention promoted by Costa Rica and Malaysia which was mentioned by Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in his above-mentioned address.

It is important to notice that India, Pakistan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Iran voted favorably on the Resolution “Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons” at the General Assembly of the UN all the way since 1996. As we mentioned previously “commencing multilateral negotiations leading to an early conclusion of a nuclear weapons convention” is included in this Resolution. This means that the nuclear weapons convention is most effective and urgent way to put nuclear weapons under the rule of law covering both NPT states and non-NPT states and to prevent the danger that nuclear weapons become available to non-state organizations.

We urge all member states of the UN to start immediately negotiating for a nuclear weapons convention leading to its earliest conclusion,.

Contact:
Michiji Konuma, Secretary General,
Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal
e-mail: mkonuma254@m4.dion.ne.jp
Fax: +81-(0)45-891-8386
URL: http://worldpeace7.jp

PDF Appeal→102e.pdf

2009 101E Request to President B. Obama

for USA to ratify immediately the Convention on Biological Diversity

WP7 No.101ENovember 12, 2009
Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal
Kinhide Mushakoji, Hideo Tsuchiyama, Yoshino Oishi, Hisashi Inoue,
Kayoko Ikeda, Michiji Konuma and Satoru Ikeuchi

 

We would like to request that you extend your genuine concern to build a world where Life receives due respect and concern. Beginning with Humankind, which annihilation by nuclear holocaust, has already been warned by the Russell-Einstein Manifesto in the next year of the 1954 Bikini Nuclear Test of the United States, the rapid reduction of other life species due to human activities is now also a matter which should be rapidly taken care of.

The Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal has recently issued the ‘Aichi-Nagoya Appeal Towards a World where Life is Respected – Appeal for the COP10 to the Convention on Biological Diversity to be held in Nagoya, Japan in October 2010’ (WP7 No.99E). In the Appeal we have expressed our request for the Government of the United States to ratify immediately this Convention and participate in the COP10. Your initiative to stop the present process of Biological Diversity reduction will be respected and remembered by the next generations around the world as a key decision in saving from extinction of so many species, and we thank you in advance for taking the necessary decision enabling the United States to participate as a signatory party the COP10.

Contact:
Michiji Konuma, Secretary General
e-mail: mkonuma254@m4.dion.ne.jp
Fax: +81-(0)45-891-8386
URL: http://worldpeace7.jp

PDF Appeal→101e.pdf

2009 100E Appeal to President B. Obama calling upon concrete actions

for abolition of nuclear weapons towards the world free from war

WP7 No.100E
November 12, 2009
Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal
Kinhide Mushakoji, Hideo Tsuchiyama, Yoshino Oishi, Hisashi Inoue,
Kayoko Ikeda, Michiji Konuma and Satoru Ikeuchi

 

First of all we the Committee of Seven for World Peace welcome your visit to Japan on November 13 and 14, 2009 and extend our sincere congratulations to your Nobel Peace Prize.

It is our pleasure to know that the great majority of people in the world have welcomed your leadership at the Security Council of the United Nations on September 24, 2009 for the unanimous adoption of the Resolution 1887 and your speech on nuclear weapons delivered in Prague, Czech Republic, on April 5, 2009, promising to take concrete steps towards a world free from nuclear weapons. We also remember well your speech in Berlin on July 24, 2008 and your Renewing America’s Promise at the Democratic Convention on August 25, 2008. In these occasions you repeated America’s commitment to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons.

Two days ago your comment in an exclusive interview with NHK in the previous day was broadcasted in Japan. You mentioned that you would be honored to have the opportunity to visit the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which experienced atomic bombings, during his presidency, although your schedule did not allow you to visit this time and that the memories of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are etched in the minds of the world. Your words show once again that you convince firmly to realize the world free-from nuclear weapons. The Japanese citizens, especially surviving hibakushas, victims of atomic bombings in these cities, share your ideas and expect your concrete positive actions.

It is the time for all human beings to remember the spirit of the United Nations that all members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered. The Constitution of Japan stating that we recognize that all peoples of the world have the right to live in peace, free from fear and want is based upon the completely same idea.

The Biological Weapons Convention, the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Convention on the Prohibition of Anti-Personnel Mines have entered in to force. The Convention on Cluster Munitions is following. The role of nuclear weapons should be denied immediately with no reservation for all human beings. The Convention on Nuclear Weapons has to and can be realized.

Here we wish to introduce ourselves.

The Committee of Seven for World Peace Appeal was established in Japan in 1955 by seven influential intellectual persons at the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the United Nations, appealing the strengthening the roll of the UN and to seek the abolition of war. It was in the same year when the Russell-Einstein Manifesto was issued, stating that ‘Remember your humanity and forget the rest’. Since then the Committee has issued its international and domestic appeals based on peace, justice and humanity by personal capacity independent from outside. We have pursued the abolition of nuclear weapons from our starting days, convincing that any conflicts in the world should be solved by peaceful means.  We believe that the possession of nuclear weapons and the adoption of the doctrine of nuclear umbrella should be abandoned without exception for any nations. The present message is our 100th appeal.

Contact:
Michiji Konuma, Secretary General
e-mail: mkonuma254@m4.dion.ne.jp
Fax: +81-(0)45-891-8386
URL: http://worldpeace7.jp

PDF Appeal→100e.pdf